REVIEW: PROSPEK ZAT WARNA ALAM DARI EKSTRAK KAYU SEBAGAI BAHAN UNTUK PEWARNAAN KULIT

Emiliana Kasmudjiastuti

Abstract


Zat warna alam untuk kulit yang berasal dari bahan kayu atau kulit kayu  merupakan zat warna mordan dan dikenal dengan nama wood dyes. Senyawa kimia yang terkandung  dalam bahan tersebut umumnya berupa tanin, flavonoid dan kuinon yang menghasilkan warna kuning, coklat dan merah. Penggunaan zat warna alam dari kayu mempunyai kelebihan dan kelemahan. Kelebihannya adalah mempunyai efek menyamak, mempunyai daya isi pada kulit, dengan garam metal yang berbeda akan memberikan warna yang berbeda. Kelemahannya, jika digunakan secara berlebihan, kulit yang dihasilkan bersifat kaku. Makalah ini membahas prospek zat warna alam dari ekstrak kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan L), nangka (Artocarpusheterophyllus), tegeran (Maclura cochichinensis), kulit kayu tingi (Ceriops tagal) dan mahoni (Swietenia mahagoni JACQ) untuk pewarnaan kulit. Zat warna alam dari ekstrak kayu tersebut dapat diaplikasikan pada berbagai jenis kulit seperti kulit ikan kakap, kulit kaki ayam, kulit ular, kulit biawak, kulit perkamen dari kulit kerbau dan kulit domba. Secara umum hasil uji ketahanan gosok cat (kelunturan warna) menunjukkan hasil yang baik (tidak luntur).

Kata kunci: zat warna alam, ekstrak kayu secang, nangka, tegeran, tingi, mahoni, mordan

 


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References


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